U.S. Surgeon General Calls Covid Misinformation ‘Urgent Threat'

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Politics|The U.S. surgeon wide calls Covid misinformation an ‘urgent menace to nationalist health.’

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/07/15/us/politics/covid-misinformation-surgeon-general.html

The Biden administration, including the U.S. surgeon general, Dr. Vivek Murthy, is moving much  forcefully to face  wellness  misinformation arsenic  it is faced with a steep diminution  successful  coronavirus vaccination rates.
Credit...Caroline Brehman/EPA, via Shutterstock

Sheryl Gay Stolberg

  • July 15, 2021, 10:49 a.m. ET

President Biden’s surgeon wide connected Thursday utilized his archetypal ceremonial advisory to the United States to pass against the dangers of wellness misinformation, calling it an “urgent menace to nationalist health” and urging each Americans — and specifically tech and societal media companies — to bash much to curb the dispersed of falsehoods astir Covid-19.

The authoritative informing by Dr. Vivek Murthy is unusual; surgeons wide person traditionally utilized their authoritative “advisories” — abbreviated statements that telephone the American people’s attraction to a nationalist wellness contented and supply recommendations for however it tin beryllium addressed — to speech astir wellness matters ranging from baccy usage to opioid addiction, termination prevention and breastfeeding.

But this caller advisory, contained successful a 22-page study with footnotes, occurs successful a much governmental context. Fox News hosts similar Tucker Carlson and Laura Ingraham, on with their guests, are among those who have been casting uncertainty connected Covid-19 vaccines, which studies amusement are highly effectual astatine preventing decease and hospitalization from the disease.

Health misinformation astir societal distancing, disguise use, treatments and vaccines has been rampant during the coronavirus pandemic. The study is simply a motion that the Biden administration, faced with a steep diminution successful vaccination rates, is moving much forcefully to face it. Fewer than 50 percent of Americans are afloat vaccinated, and many apical wellness experts person called for the president to bash much to scope radical who person yet to beryllium get shots.

While microorganism numbers stay astatine immoderate of the lowest levels since the opening of the pandemic, they are erstwhile again dilatory rising, fueled by the dispersed of the much contagious Delta variant; vaccines are effectual against the variant. Counties that voted for Mr. Biden mean higher vaccination levels than those that voted for Donald Trump. Conservatives thin to diminution vaccination acold much often than Democrats.

“Health misinformation is simply a superior menace to nationalist health,” Dr. Murthy said successful the report. “It tin origin confusion, sow mistrust, harm people’s health, and undermine nationalist wellness efforts.”

In a statement, helium added, “From the tech and societal media companies who indispensable bash much to code the dispersed connected their platforms, to each of america identifying and avoiding sharing misinformation, tackling this situation volition necessitate an all-of-society approach, but it is captious for the semipermanent wellness of our nation.”

But calling retired tech and media companies is tricky business, and the White House has danced astir the question of whether it would effort to modulate companies similar Facebook that person go platforms for wellness disinformation. Asked astir this astatine her Wednesday briefing, the White House property secretary, Jen Psaki, was noncommittal.

“Obviously, decisions to modulate oregon clasp to relationship immoderate level would surely beryllium a argumentation decision,” she said. “But successful the interim, we’re going to proceed to telephone retired disinformation and telephone retired wherever that accusation travels.”

The study is assiduously apolitical, and does not sanction immoderate circumstantial purveyors of misinformation. But it comes arsenic immoderate Republican leaders, acrophobic that the microorganism is spreading rapidly done blimpish swaths of the country, are opening to beforehand vaccination and speak retired against media figures and elected officials who are casting uncertainty connected vaccines.

Health misinformation is not a caller improvement — and is not constricted to quality media. In the 1990s, the study notes, “a poorly designed study” — aboriginal retracted — falsely claimed the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine causes autism.

“Even aft the retraction, the assertion gained immoderate traction and contributed to little immunization rates implicit the adjacent 20 years,” the study said.

Dr. Murthy is expected astatine Thursday’s White House briefing to sermon his report. It cites grounds of the dispersed of misinformation, including a study by the Kaiser Family Foundation that found, arsenic of precocious May, that 67 percent of unvaccinated adults had heard astatine slightest 1 Covid-19 vaccine story and either believed it to beryllium existent oregon were unsure of its truthfulness; and a Science Magazine analysis of millions of societal media posts recovered that mendacious quality stories were 70 percent much apt to beryllium shared than existent stories.

Another recent study showed that adjacent little vulnerability to misinformation made radical little apt to privation a Covid-19 vaccine, the surgeon wide said.

This is Dr. Murthy’s 2nd crook astatine being surgeon general; helium besides served nether erstwhile President Barack Obama. The position, often referred to arsenic the “nation’s doctor,” offers small ceremonial policy-making authority, but derives its spot from the surgeon general’s bully pulpit, and past surgeons wide person made almighty impacts connected the nation’s health.

Dr. Murthy’s advisory drew contiguous plaudits from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, an enactment that is peculiarly acrophobic astir mendacious accusation suggesting Covid-19 vaccines mightiness beryllium harmful to large women. There is no evidence of that.

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